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Amnesty - Ismail Abdi, Secretary General of Iran's Teachers' Trade Association (ITTA), has been
detained in Tehran's Evin Prison since 27 June for "organizing and participating in illegal
gatherings" for his legitimate trade ist activities. He is a prisoner of conscience.

Ismail (Esmail) Abdi was arrested on 27 June after he went to the Prosecutor's Office at Evin Prison to inquire
about the travel ban placed on him. He had been prevented from travelling to Armenia to apply for a visa to attend
the 7 Education International World Congress in Ottawa, Canada in July 2015. Ismail Abdi was transferred to
Section 2A of Evin Prison, which is run by the intelligence unit of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, and subjected to at
least 17 days of interrogation, without access to his family or lawyer. It seems the authorities have denied Ismail
Abdi the right of access to his lawyer based on a provision in Iran's new Code of Criminal Procedures which
restricts access to legal counsel during the investigative phase, for people facing national-security-related charges,
to only a list of lawyers approved by the Head of the Judiciary.

Ismail Abdi has said the interrogators accused him of ''organizing and participating in illegal gatherings'', which is
not an offence under Iranian law. The ''gatherings'' were a number of peaceful demonstrations held in recent
months by teachers and members of the ITTA, a legally constituted entity in Iran, in protest at poor wages, low
education budget and imprisonment of teacher trade ists.

If the legal process that has begun against Ismail Abdi leads to a conviction, he risks facing over a decade in jail
because a suspended 10-year sentence he received following a 2010 arrest and subsequent conviction related to
his trade activities would also be implemented.

Please write immediately in English, Persian, Spanish, French or your own language:
 Calling on the Iranian authorities to release Ismail Abdi immediately and unconditionally and drop all
charges against him as he is a prisoner of conscience held solely for his peaceful trade activities;

 Urging them to ensure that he is granted regular access to an independent lawyer of his own choosing;

 Reminding them that Iran has ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
which recognizes the right of everyone to form and join trade s of their choice for the promotion and protection
of their economic and social interests.

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please insert local diplomatic addresses below:
Name Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Fax Fax number Email Email address Salutation Salutation
Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.

Before he was arrested on 27 June, intelligence officials had summoned Ismail Abdi for interrogation many times, and
pressured him to resign from his post as ITTA General Secretary and cancel planned nationwide demonstrations that the ITTA
had helped organize. During these interrogation sessions, which were frequently accompanied by foul language and insults,
intelligence officials also warned Ismail Abdi against associating with international teachers' trade s, including Education
International, and said his participation in their international gatherings was a "red line".

On 3 May 2015, one day after the National Iranian Teachers' Day and four days before the scheduled date of a nationwide
protest, intelligence officials summoned Ismail Abdi and threatened that a suspended 10-year sentence from 2010 would be
immediately implemented unless he made a formal announcement on Facebook that he was resigning from his ITTA post and
not taking part in any upcoming demonstrations. Ismail Abdi made the announcement under pressure, but the ITTA did not
accept his resignation. The protest was also held as planned, with thousands of teachers gathering in front of the parliament in

Tehran and outside the offices of the Ministry of Education in different cities.
Ismail Abdi's suspended sentence following his 2010 arrest resulted from him being convicted of "assembly and colluding
against the state" and "participation in illegal trade gatherings".

On 22 July, thousands of teachers attempted to gather in front of the Parliament in Tehran to protest against he harassment and
abuse of trade ist teachers and demand Ismail Abdi's release. Security forces stationed around parliament from early
morning, however, disrupted the gathering and arrested scores of protesting teachers. According to an announcement by Iran's
Minister of Education and Development on 27 July, all the teachers arrested during the protest have since been released.
At least four other teachers in Iran are serving prison sentences in connection with their legitimate trade activities,
including Sayed Mohammad Bagheri, Ali Akbar Baghani, Alireza Hashemi and Rasoul Bodaghi (see UA 130/10,

Iran is a State Party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, of which Article 22 (1) states: "Everyone shall
have the right to freedom of association with others, including the right to form and join trade s for the protection of his
interests". Iran is also a state party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Article 8 of which
guarantees both "the right of everyone to form trade s and join the trade of his choice" and "the right of trade s
to function freely subject to no limitations other than those prescribed by law and which are necessary in a democratic society in
the interests of national security or public order or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others."

Even though the right to freedom of association and peaceful assembly are recognized under Articles 26 and 27 of the Iranian
Constitution, they are restricted with Islamic qualifications such as public gatherings "are not detrimental to the fundamental
principles of Islam".
Name: Ismail Abdi
Gender m/f: m
UA: 171/15 Index: MDE 13/2208/2015 Issue Date: 4 August 2015

Iranian Authorities Hang 7 Prisoners to Death

iran - According to official and unofficial reports, a total of seven prisoners were hanged to death in Iran on Wednesday July 29 and Saturday August 1.

Iran Human Rights, August 1 2015: Two prisoners with drug related charges and one prison charged with murder were hanged to death at Lakan Prison in Rasht, according to the public affairs department of Gilan's office of the Attorney General. The prisoners were identified as "S.J." (58 years old, charged with production and distribution of 500 kilograms of opium), "M.M." (38 years old, charged with possessing 787 grams of heroin), and "M.P." (31 years old, charged with murder). The executions took place on Saturday morning.

Lakan Prison is the same location where juvenile offender Salar Shadizadi is being held. Shahdizadi was scheduled to be executed Saturday morning until Iranian officials postponed his death sentence for 10 days.

According to HRANA, four prisoners with drug related charges were hanged to death on Wednesday, July 29, in Isfahan's Dastgerd Prison.

Iranian Officials Hang At Least Six Prisoners to Death on Thursday

iran - According to official and unofficial reports, a total of six prisoners were hanged to death  in Iran.

Iran Human Rights, July 31 2015: According to various reports, Iranian officials hanged six prisoners to death on Thursday.

The Public Affairs Department of Ardebil's Office of the Attorney General reported on the execution of one of the prisoners, stating that Branch 1 of Urmia's Revolutionary Court had charged him with possessing 849 grams of heroin and sentenced him to death. The hanging reportedly occurred in Ardebil Central Prison.

Iranian human rights group, HRANA, reported on the execution of five of the prisoners; one of the prisoners was reportedly a woman. The names of three of the men are known: Ezzat Sabeki, Meysam Shahraki and Ali Zehi. All five prisoners, who were reportedly hanged to death at Shahab Prison in Kerman, were accused of drug related offenses.

HRANA has also reported on the transfer of three death row prisoners on Thursday from their ward in Bandar Abbas Central Prison to solitary confinement. The prisoners are reportedly sentenced to death for alleged drug related offenses.

Iranian Authorities Hang 14 Prisoners to Death, 3 of the Executions Carried Out in Public

Iranian authorities executed three prisoners in public today, including this man. - In the past two days Iranian authorities have reportedly hanged 14 prisoners to death, three of the executions were carried out in public.

Iran Human Rights, July 29 2015: Based on official and unofficial reports, Iranian authorities have executed at least 14 prisoners in the province of Alborz since Monday.

Close sources say seven prisoners with drug charges were hanged to death on Monday in Karaj Central Prison. On Saturday the Iranian authorities had reportedly transferred the seven prisoners along with two more prisoners to solitary confinement. The executions of the two others prisoners have reportedly been delayed for unknown reasons.

On Tuesday four prisoners at Ghezel Hesar Prison were hanged to death for drug charges, according to close sources. The prisoners were reportedly removed out of their prison wards on Sunday and transferred to solitary confinement along with two more prisoners. The executions of the two other prisoners have reportedly been delayed for unknown reasons.

Today Iranian authorities hanged three prisoners to death in a public area in the city of Karaj, reports state media Mehr News. The report does not mention the names of the prisoners or their charges. Below are photos from today's public executions:

public execution public execution public execution public execution public execution public execution public execution

Juvenile offender at imminent risk as Iran continues execution spree - Salar Shadizadi scheduled to be executed on 1 August for crime committed when he was 15 years old.

Arrest of surgeon in Mamasani stirs outrage

Physician protests in ShirazRadiozamaneh - Iran's health minister has condemned the arrest and handcuffing of a surgeon in Mamasani. While some the surgeon's colleagues and co-workers staged demonstrations in her support, the Governor of Mamasani says the whole affair was caused by a misunderstanding.

The Minister of Health has described the arrest of Dr. Forough Razmjoyi as "illegal" and called for action against the offending officer. The minister has also posted a message of support for the surgeon in an Instagram message.


On Sunday July 26 at a hospital in Mamasani, a female victim of domestic violence with a knife wound to her chest was attended by Dr. Razmjoyi. After providing the victim with the necessary medical treatment, she was processing the victim's file when the investigating officer called her to the victim's bedside. Dr. Razmjoyi reportedly told the officer that all medical aid had been given and there was no need for any further medical attention at that time.

Khabaronline reports that the surgeon's refusal to comply with the investigator's demand led to the "arrest and cuffing of the only surgeon in town in front of other patients and hospital personnel". She was arrested even though a number of patients in critical condition needed to be seen by her.

A local paper published an interview with the surgeon, who explained that at the police station, her mother had brought her child for a visit, and the child refused to be separated from the mother, causing an altercation with the prison guards who ended up slapping the detainee.

Iran: Juvenile offender near to exeuction: Salar Shadizadi

Image result for Salar ShadizadiAmensty -Juvenile offender Salar Shadizadi is at imminent risk of execution for a murder allegedly
committed when he was 15 years old. He is scheduled to be executed on 1 August.

Salar Shadizadi was arrested in February 2007 on a charge of murdering a friend. He was sentenced to death in
December that year, under the Islamic principle of qesas (retribution-in-kind), by Branch 11 of the Criminal Court of
Appeal in the northern province of Gilan. His sentence was upheld three months later, by Branch 37 of the
Supreme Court. After several years on death row, Salar Shadizadi was transferred to solitary confinement on 7
July 2013 in preparation for execution. The authorities, however, halted the execution at the last minute and
allowed Salar Shadizadi to submit a request for judicial review under Article 91 of Iran's 2013 Penal Code, which
gives judges the discretion not to impose the death penalty if they determine that a juvenile offender did not
understand the nature of the crime or its consequences, or if there are doubts about the offender's "mental growth
and maturity".

Later that year, Branch 13 of Iran's Supreme Court accepted the request for judicial review and sent the case back
to the court of first instance to examine the issue of Salar Shadizadi's maturity at the time of the crime. The court of
first instance referred Salar Shadizadi to Iran's Legal Medicine Organization (LMO) for psychological examination.
The LMO found that "there is no evidence to conclude that Salar Shadizadi was insane at the time of the crime but
examining his mental growth seven years after the event is impossible." Based on this finding, Branch 13 of the
Supreme Court upheld the original death sentence. In its reasoning, the Supreme Court stated: "presumptively,
mental maturity is present after children reach the age of maturity [which is 15 for boys and nine for girls] and the
rebuttal of this presumption requires proof which has not been established in this case."

Please write immediately in in Persian, English or your own language:

 Urging the Iranian authorities to immediately halt the execution of Salar Shadizadi and commute without delay
his death sentence to a term of imprisonment;

 Reminding them that Iran has ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which strictly prohibit the use of the death penalty for crimes
committed by persons below 18 years of age.

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please insert local diplomatic addresses below:

Name Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Fax Fax number Email Email address Salutation Salutation
Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.


Salar Shadizadi was arrested in February 2007 after his friend's dead body was found in a garden belonging to Salar
Shadizadi's family. Salar Shadizadi was subsequently arrested and accused of fatally stabbing the deceased victim in the neck.
The circumstances of the crime are not clear to Amnesty International.
As a state party to the CRC, Iran is under the obligation to ensure that all legislation defines a child as a person under the age of
18 years, and to conform to the CRC in both law and practice. The CRC has determined the age of 18 as the standard age of
entering into majority and full criminal responsibility, without any discrimination between boys and girls. This is a different matter
from the minimum age of criminal responsibility, the age below which children shall not be arrested and charged with a crime at
all. The minimum age of criminal responsibility varies around the world but the CRC has said in its General Comment 10,
paragraph 32: "A minimum age of criminal responsibility below the age of 12 years is considered by the Committee not to be
internationally acceptable. States parties are encouraged to increase their lower minimum age of criminal responsibility to the
age of 12 years as the absolute minimum age and to continue to increase it to a higher age level."
The age of adult criminal responsibility remains nine lunar years for girls and 15 lunar years for boys in Iran. Above this age, in
cases of hodud (offences against God carrying inalterable punishments prescribed by Shari'a law) and qesas (retribution-in-kind
connected with a criminal act), a child is generally convicted and sentenced in the same way as an adult. However, since the
adoption of a revised Penal Code in May 2013, judges have been given discretion not to sentence juvenile offenders to death if
they determine that the juvenile offenders did not comprehend the nature of the crime or its consequences or their "mental
growth and maturity" are in doubt.

Between May 2013 and January 2015, some branches of Iran's Supreme Court accepted the request of juvenile offenders for
judicial review of their cases based on the revised Penal Code, and sent them back to the court of first instance for retrial. Other
Supreme Court branches, however, refused to accept that the revised Penal Code provided valid grounds for judicial review or
retrial. This inconsistency in jurisprudence led some lawyers in 2014 to apply to the General Board of the Supreme Court for a
"pilot judgement". The General Board ruled on 2 December 2014 that all those on death row for crimes committed when they
were under 18 are entitled to request judicial review of their cases and have their cases sent back for retrial in the light of their
"mental growth" at the time of the crime of which they were convicted.
The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, which monitors the implementation of the CRC, has asked Iran to inform the
Committee, by October 2015, of the outcome and progress of the judicial review of cases of persons on death row for crimes
committed when they were below the age of 18 years based on the 2014 "pilot judgment" of the Supreme Court.
At least 72 juvenile offenders are believed to have been executed in Iran between 2005 and 2014 and at least 160 juvenile
offenders are believed to be on death row.
Names: Salar Shadizadi
Gender m/f: m
UA: 165/14 Index: MDE 13/2164/2015 Issue Date: 27 July 2015

Former Reformist Member of Parliament Arrested Upon Return to Iran - A senior adviser to opposition Green Movement leader Mehdi Karroubi was arrested upon his return to Iran six years after the controversial presidential elections that forced him to leave the country. Esmail Gerami Moghaddam, a former Member of Parliament and spokesman for Mehdi Karroubi's Etemad Melli Party, was arrested at Tehran's Imam Khomeini airport and transferred to Evin Prison on July 17.

The arrest takes place within the context of a crackdown on political dissidents that has continued unabated since Rouhani's election in 2013, despite his campaign promise to free political prisoners.

During this time other individuals such as Serajeddin Mirdamadi, Hossein Nouraninejad, Saeed Razavi Faghih, Mostafa Azizi, Sajedeh Arabsorkhi, Kazem Barjesteh, Hamid Babaei, and Masoumeh Gholizadeh have also been arrested upon returning to Iran, in addition to dozens of other Iranian expatriates who travelled to Iran followed assurances by President Hassan Rouhani of their safe return home.

According to Saham News, which is affiliated with the Karroubi camp, Gerami Moghaddam was sentenced in absentia to five years in prison but it is not clear under what charges or by which court.

Moghaddam left Iran soon after the disputed 2009 presidential elections, during which large peaceful protests broke out across the country in response to questions regarding the fairness of the vote. In the violent state crackdown that ensued, the Etemad Melli Party was banned and its leader and presidential candidate Mehdi Karroubi, who called the election a fraud, was subsequently placed under house arrest along with fellow Green Movement leaders Mir Hossein Mousavi and Zahra Rahnavard.

While abroad, Gerami Moghaddam concentrated on completing his doctoral studies at universities in India and Malaysia. A veteran of the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), Moghaddam has lost most of his eyesight over recent years, and his family fears his ability to endure his prison sentence under the circumstances.

Judiciary Spokesman Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei told a press conference on July 13 that five people, some in absentia, had been sentenced in connection with disturbances following the 2009 election. He did not mention any names but it is thought Gerami Moghaddam was one of them.

Tags: evin prison, Gerami Moghaddam, Hassan Rouhani, mehdi karroubi, Serajeddin Mirdamadi

Post Iran Deal and Ramadan: Nine Prisoners Charged with Murder Executed in Rajai Shahr Prison

PHOTO FROM - On Wednesday morning nine prisoners charged with murder were hanged to death in Rajai Shahr Prison

Iran Human Rights, July 23 2015: According to close sources, on Wednesday morning nine prisoners charged with murder were hanged to death in Rajai Shahr Prison.

On the same day in Rajai Shahr 14 prisoners from various wards were transferred to solitary confinement. It is believed the Iranian authorities intend to execute them next. According to IHR's sources, some of the prisoners transferred to solitary confinement were pardoned by the plaintiffs on their respective cases while two more had their death sentences called off pending a retrial. Iran Human Rights is aware of the names of three of the prisoners sent to solitary confinement: Hossein Yazdani (from Ward 1), Albolalhassan Mousavi (from Ward 2) and Amir Salehi (from Ward 6).

Iran Human Rights and other human rights NGOs had feared the Iranian authorities would resume with the execution of prisoners after the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. On Tuesday IHR had issued a report warning about executions planned for Wednesday morning in Rajai Shahr.

Wednesday's group executions demonstrate no signs of change in improvement for the human rights situation in Iran following the nuclear agreement. The Iranian authorities are continuing with their policies of executing prisoners and spreading fear and terror among Iranians.

"We call on the international community to put human rights, particularly executions, at the top of their agenda in talks with Iran," says Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, executive director of Iran Human Rights.

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