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You are here: Home Human Rights

IRAN: FLAWED REFORMS: IRAN'S NEW CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Image result for flawed justiceAmnesty - In June 2015, a much anticipated new Code of Criminal Procedure, which had been in the making for almost a decade, came into force. The new Code is an improvement on the old one and introduces several long overdue reforms that, if implemented properly, could provide accused persons with increased fair trial safeguards.


However, the report exposes that the Code has failed to tackle many of the major shortcomings in Iran's criminal justice system. They include the lack of adequate legal safeguards to guarantee the range of rights required to ensure fair trials, such as protection against torture and other ill-treatment, access to a lawyer from the time of arrest, and an enforceable right to remedy and reparation.

View report in English


http://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF

IRAN: NEARLY FOUR DECADES AFTER REVOLUTION, LEGAL FRAMEWORK REMAINS DEEPLY FLAWED


Image result for iranian injustice scaleAmnesty - Nearly four decades after revolution, legal framework remains deeply flawed
Nearly four decades after Iran's 1979 Revolution shook its criminal justice system to the core, the country's legal
framework remains largely inadequate, inefficient and inconsistent with international fair trial standards, leaving
individuals who come into contact with it with little or no protection, said Amnesty International in a new report
published today.


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Two Baluchi Juvenile Offenders Executed in Iran

Two Baluchi Juvenile Offenders Executed in IranIran Human Rights - According to close sources, two Baluchi prisoners were hanged to death at Yazd Central Prison on drug related charges.


The executions were reportedly carried out on Monday February 1. According to the Baloch Activists Campaign, the names of the prisoners are Khaled Kordi and Moslem Abarian. A relative of Khaled Kordi confirms to Iran Human Rights that both prisoners were under the age of 18 at the time of their arrests. Iranian authorities carried out the executions without informing the family members of the prisoners.

The two prisoners were reportedly riding a bus to work when they were arrested by Iranian authorities for drug offenses. The relative tells IHR that he believes Khaled and Moslem were innocent and the drugs were planted on them by someone else on the bus.

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which Iran is a signatory of, bans death sentences for offenses committed under the age of 18.

Families of detained Kerman mine workers upset by lack of news

arrest1Radiozamaneh - Twenty detained miners from the Khatoonabad Mine in Kerman, who were arrested last week for labour protests, remain in custody and have been transferred to Kerman Prison.

Additional charge lodged against pair of detained journalists

Issa Saharkhiz - Ehsan MazandaraniRadiozamaneh - Issa Saharkhiz and Ehsan Mazandarani, two of the Iranian journalists arrested in the recent backlash against journalists that followed warnings by Iran’s Supreme Leader against “foreign infiltrators”, are now being tried for “actions against National Security”, even though the investigators had slapped them with the charge of “propaganda against the regime”.

1 Prisoners Hanged In Khorramabad Prison

Khorramabad PrisonHRANA News Agency – The death sentence of a prisoner was executed in Khorramabad prison (West of Iran).


According to the report of Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), on January 10th, Qodrat Gravand was hanged in Khorramabad prison. He had been sentenced to death on charge of murder.

Authorities and official bodies of the judiciary have not given any information about the case yet.

Iran: No Accountability for Abuses

Iran: No Accountability for AbusesHRW – Security and intelligence forces were the main perpetrators of human rights abuses in Iran during 2015, Human Rights Watch said today in its World Report 2016. In a sharp increase from previous years, Iran also executed more than 830 prisoners, the majority for drug-related offenses.


The authorities repeatedly clamped down on free speech and dissent. Social media users, artists, and journalists, including the Iranian-American Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian, face harsh sentences on dubious security charges. Freedom of assembly and association also suffered in 2015, with authorities harassing and arresting students, teachers, and labor members for peaceful activities. Dozens of political activists and human rights defenders are in detention for their peaceful or professional activities.

"Year after year, security forces act with impunity in repressing basic freedoms and committing abuses in Iran," said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director. "The authorities are long overdue in holding those responsible for human rights abuses accountable for violating Iran's domestic and international human rights obligations."

In the 659-page World Report 2016, its 26th edition, Human Rights Watch reviews human rights practices in more than 90 countries. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth writes that the spread of terrorist attacks beyond the Middle East and the huge flows of refugees spawned by repression and conflict led many governments to curtail rights in misguided efforts to protect their security. At the same time, authoritarian governments throughout the world, fearful of peaceful dissent that is often magnified by social media, embarked on the most intense crackdown on independent groups in recent times.

In Iran, women face discrimination in many aspects of their lives, including personal status matters such as marriage, divorce, or inheritance. In 2015, the authorities sought to introduce discriminatory laws that would restrict the employment of women in certain sectors and limit access to family planning.

Religious and ethnic minorities as well as refugees and migrant workers face discrimination in Iran in law and in practice. The government denied freedom of religion to Baha'is, Iran's largest non-Muslim religious minority. Security forces also targeted Christian converts from Islam. The government restricted the cultural and political activities among Iran's Kurdish, Arab, and Baluch minorities.

The estimated 2.5 to 3 million Afghan refugees and migrant workers in Iran face barriers to receiving social services. They are at higher risk than the general population of being arbitrarily questioned and sometimes detained by authorities, with little recourse to the law when abused by government officials or private parties.

Amnesty Blasts Iran For Executing 73 Juveniles In Last Decade

Image result for amnesty internationalRFL/RE - Amnesty International in a new report has blasted Iran for executing dozens of young people for crimes they committed as juveniles.


The report says dozens of people arrested for crimes such as rape, murder, and drug abuse committed before they turned 18 are at risk of being executed despite recent judicial reforms, with many having already spent years on death row.

The London-based group said Iran already executed at least 73 juvenile offenders between 2005 and 2015.

Iranian authorities have contended that they have reformed their judicial system and don't actually put anyone younger than 18 to death.

But Elise Auerbach, Amnesty's Iran specialist, said the "paper reforms to Iran's Penal Code and practices have actually failed to prevent juveniles from being executed or sentenced to death."

She called Iran's claim that it does not execute juveniles because it postpones the executions until they turn 18 "disingenuous" and "a fallacy."

The 110-page report comes as Tehran is working to rebuild relations with the West following last year's landmark nuclear deal.

Iran is one of the world's largest users of the death penalty, ranking second behind China in 2014. Most executions in Iran are carried out for drug smuggling.

With reporting by AP

Activist remains jailed with no court date in sight

Shokoufeh Azar MasoulehRadiozamaneh - Iranian activist Shokoufeh Azar Masouleh remains in jail without being charged and cannot put up bail due to a lack of financial means. In a letter from jail, Azar Masouleh writes that the court has not agreed to reduce the bail and release her until the time of her trial.


The Justice For Iran website published the letter on Thursday January 21 and reports that the Azar Masouleh has not been given a court date after seven months in jail.

Azar Masouleh was among the women demonstrating in front of Parliament two years ago to protest the repeated acid-throwing attacks on women on the streets of Isfahan. She also participated in the protests by human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh in front of Iran's Bar Association in support of Sotoudeh's demand to reinstate her right to practice law.

She was arrested last June without a warrant at her home.

She reports that she has not been formally charged or been given the right to counsel.

The Human Rights Activists News Agency reported that Azar Masouleh is accused of "propaganda against the regime, collusion and establishing conflicting groups against the regime", according to an informed source.

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